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R&D cooperation between firms and universities. Some empirical evidence from Belgian manufacturing

Veugelers, Reinhilde ; Cassiman, Bruno

International journal of industrial organization, 2005, Vol.23 (5), p.355-379 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    R&D cooperation between firms and universities. Some empirical evidence from Belgian manufacturing
  • Author: Veugelers, Reinhilde ; Cassiman, Bruno
  • Subjects: Cooperation with universities ; Industry-science links ; Innovation strategy ; Universities and colleges ; Industrial cooperation ; Belgium ; Analysis ; Alliances and partnerships ; Manufacturing industry
  • Is Part Of: International journal of industrial organization, 2005, Vol.23 (5), p.355-379
  • Description: Using Community Innovation Survey data for Belgium we analyze which firm and industry characteristics are conducive to cooperation with universities. We take into consideration that the decision to cooperate with universities cannot be analyzed in isolation from the overall innovation strategy of the firm. Cooperating with universities is complementary to other innovation activities such as performing own R&D, sourcing public information and cooperating with other partners. In the econometric analysis we fully account for the impact of these simultaneously determined other R&D strategies. In addition, we examine the theoretically conflicting effect of the appropriation conditions on the likelihood of cooperating with universities. Our analysis confirms that large firms and firms in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry are more likely to be actively involved in industry science links. Furthermore, we find that these cooperative agreements are formed whenever risk is not an important obstacle to innovation and typically serve to share costs. Consistent with the open science paradigm, we find no evidence for the importance of the capacity to appropriate the returns from innovation for explaining cooperative agreements with universities. Finally, the results are consistent with complementarity of these agreements with other innovation activities.
  • Publisher: Elsevier B.V
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0167-7187
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijindorg.2005.01.008
  • Source: RePEc

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