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THE POWER OF THE PILL FOR THE NEXT GENERATION: ORAL CONTRACEPTION'S EFFECTS ON FERTILITY, ABORTION, AND MATERNAL AND CHILD CHARACTERISTICS

Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat ; Daniel M. Hungerman

The review of economics and statistics, 2012-02-01, Vol.94 (1), p.37-51 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    THE POWER OF THE PILL FOR THE NEXT GENERATION: ORAL CONTRACEPTION'S EFFECTS ON FERTILITY, ABORTION, AND MATERNAL AND CHILD CHARACTERISTICS
  • Author: Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat ; Daniel M. Hungerman
  • Subjects: Pills ; Female fertility ; Population estimates ; Contraception ; Standard error ; Children ; Oral contraceptives ; Coefficients ; Mothers ; Childbirth ; Abortion ; Research
  • Is Part Of: The review of economics and statistics, 2012-02-01, Vol.94 (1), p.37-51
  • Description: This paper considers how the diffusion of oral contraception to young unmarried women affected the number and parental characteristics of children born to these women. In the short term, pill access caused declines in fertility and increases in both the share of children born with low birthweight and the share born to poor households. In the long term, access led to negligible changes in fertility while increasing the share of children with college-educated mothers and decreasing the share with divorced mothers. The short-term effects appear to be driven by upwardly mobile women opting out of early childbearing, while the long-term effects appear to be driven by a retiming of births to later ages. These effects differ from those of abortion legalization, although we find suggestive evidence that pill diffusion lowered abortions. Our results suggest that abortion and the pill are on average used for different purposes by different women, but on the margin, some women substitute from abortion toward the pill when both are available.
  • Publisher: United States: MIT Press
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0034-6535
    ISSN: 1530-9142
    EISSN: 1530-9142
    DOI: 10.1162/REST_a_00230
    PMID: 22389533
  • Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved

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