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An electrophysiological metric of activity within the ON- and OFF-pathways in humans.

Roveri, L ; Demarco, P J ; Celesia, G G Roveri, L (correspondence author) ; Roveri, L (record owner)

Vision research, March 1997, Vol.37(6), pp.669-674 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    An electrophysiological metric of activity within the ON- and OFF-pathways in humans.
  • Author: Roveri, L ; Demarco, P J ; Celesia, G G
  • Roveri, L (correspondence author) ; Roveri, L (record owner)
  • Subjects: Adaptation, Ocular–Physiology ; Adult–Physiology ; Evoked Potentials, Visual–Physiology ; Geniculate Bodies–Physiology ; Humans–Physiology ; Pattern Recognition, Visual–Physiology ; Retina–Physiology ; Time Factors–Physiology ; Visual Cortex–Physiology ; Visual Pathways–Physiology
  • Is Part Of: Vision research, March 1997, Vol.37(6), pp.669-674
  • Description: Several animal studies have shown an anatomical and functional separation between the ON- and OFF-pathways in the retina and in the lateral geniculate nucleus. Psychophysical studies in humans have also documented separate pathways that process increments and decrements of light. However, at the level of the visual cortex, there is electrophysiological evidence of interactions between the ON- and OFF-pathways. In addition, psychophysical studies have shown that these pathways can exhibit differential sensitivity and be differentially adapted. These findings motivated an electrophysiological study to gather further evidence of processing within the ON- and OFF-pathways in the human visual system. Using sawtooth stimulus modulation, we measured the visual evoked potential (VEP) before and after adaptation to both rapid-on and rapid-off sawtooth stimuli. The effect of adaptation was determined by comparing the VEP response in three test conditions: without adaptation, after adaptation to the same sawtooth polarity, and after adaptation to the opposite sawtooth polarity. The results reveal a selective adaptation effect, which provides physiological evidence for separate processing of increments and decrements in the human visual system. We conclude that with appropriate stimulus parameters, the VEP can serve as an objective measure of processing within the ON- and OFF-pathways in humans. © 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0042-6989

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