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Abstinence and Relapse Rates Following a College Campus-Based Quit & Win Contest

Thomas, Janet L. ; An, Larry ; Luo, Xianghua ; Scherber, Robyn M. ; Berg, Carla J. ; Golden, Dave ; Ehlinger, Edward P. ; Murphy, Sharon E. ; Hecht, Stephen S. ; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

Journal of American College Health, Jan 2010 - Feb 2010, Vol.58(4), pp.365-372 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Abstinence and Relapse Rates Following a College Campus-Based Quit & Win Contest
  • Author: Thomas, Janet L. ; An, Larry ; Luo, Xianghua ; Scherber, Robyn M. ; Berg, Carla J. ; Golden, Dave ; Ehlinger, Edward P. ; Murphy, Sharon E. ; Hecht, Stephen S. ; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.
  • Subjects: Campuses ; Smoking ; Recidivism ; Undergraduate Students ; Competition ; Surveys ; Program Effectiveness ; Prevention ; Higher Education ; Two Year Colleges
  • Is Part Of: Journal of American College Health, Jan 2010 - Feb 2010, Vol.58(4), pp.365-372
  • Description: Objective: To conduct and evaluate Quit & Win contests at 2 2-year college and 2 4-year university campuses. Participants: During Spring semester, 2006, undergraduates (N = 588) interested in quitting smoking signed up for a Quit & Win 30-day cessation contest for a chance to win a lottery prize. Methods: Participants (N = 588) completed a baseline survey, provided a urine sample to verify smoking status before joining the contest, and completed a follow-up survey at contest end to assess abstinence. Participants reporting continuous 30-day abstinence were surveyed again 2 weeks post contest to assess relapse. Results: Participants smoked an average of 9.8 [plus or minus] 6.7 cigarettes/day on 26.7 [plus or minus] 5.7 days/month. Among participants completing a follow-up survey (74%), 72.1% reported abstinence during the entire contest period (Intent-to-Treat Analysis = 53.2%). 55.3% of those abstinent at the end of contest had resumed smoking 2 weeks post contest. Conclusions: Campus Quit & Win contests appear feasible, acceptable, and effective at facilitating short-term abstinence. Further research is needed to identify strategies to prevent postcontest relapse. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0744-8481

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