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The role of interferon in the treatment of acute hepatitis C

Simonović-Babić, Jasmina ; Delić, Dragan ; Svirtlih, Neda

Medicinski pregled, 2007-07, Vol.60 (7-8), p.322-326 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    The role of interferon in the treatment of acute hepatitis C
  • Author: Simonović-Babić, Jasmina ; Delić, Dragan ; Svirtlih, Neda
  • Subjects: Acute Disease ; Hepatitis C - drug therapy ; Antiviral Agents - therapeutic use ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Hepatitis C, Chronic - prevention & control ; Interferon-alpha - therapeutic use ; Male ; Recombinant Proteins ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Female ; Aged ; Index Medicus
  • Is Part Of: Medicinski pregled, 2007-07, Vol.60 (7-8), p.322-326
  • Description: Progression from acute to chronic HCV infection occurs in 50% to 84% of cases. Even the latest approach--combination therapy with pegilated interferon alfa 2-a or 2b and ribavirin--eliminates the virus in only 54% to 56% of cases with chronic infection. The aim of this study is to determine whether treatment during the acute phase prevents the development of chronic infection. Between 2001 and 2004, 27 patients with the diagnosis of acute hepatitis C were treated at the hepatology Department of Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases. Among them, 19 were treated with recombinant interferon alfa 2-a. Acute hepatitis C was defined by clinical and laboratory test results and by exclusion of other causes of acute liver disease. The mean age of our patients was 32.7 years, whereas the mean incubation time was 61.7 days. The mean serum aminotransferase levels were 1119 U/l and the mean total bilirubin levels were 106 mmol/l. At the end of therapy, 81.8% of patients had undetectable levels of HCV RNA, but 94.7% of patients had normal serum alanine aminotransferase levels. At the end of folow up, 84.6% of patients had normal alanine antimiransferase levels and 83.3% of patients had undetectable levels of HCV RNA. One patient had undetectable antibody to HCV the end of follow-up. The results reported here demonstrate that in the acute phase of HCV infection, interferon treatment is associated with a high rate of virological and biochemical response. We concluded that early treatment of acute heptitis C may prevent chronic hepatitis C.
  • Publisher: Serbia
  • Language: Serbian
    English
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0025-8105
    DOI: 10.2298/MPNS0708322S
    PMID: 17990796
  • Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved

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