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Status of Criminal Prosecution of Medical Malpractice in Operating Rooms
手術室の医療事故に対する医療刑事裁判の状況

木内, 淳子 ; 江原, 一雅 ; 瀬尾, 憲正 ; 野坂, 修一 ; 水谷, 渉 ; Kiuchi, Atsuko ; Ehara, Kazumasa ; Seo, Norimasa ; Nosaka, Shuichi ; Mizutani, Wataru

日本臨床麻酔学会誌, 2012, Vol.32(7), pp.985-993

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  • Status of Criminal Prosecution of Medical Malpractice in Operating Rooms

  • Title:
    手術室の医療事故に対する医療刑事裁判の状況
  • Author: 木内, 淳子 ; 江原, 一雅 ; 瀬尾, 憲正 ; 野坂, 修一 ; 水谷, 渉 ; Kiuchi, Atsuko ; Ehara, Kazumasa ; Seo, Norimasa ; Nosaka, Shuichi ; Mizutani, Wataru
  • Subjects: 医療事故 ; 刑事訴訟 ; 単純ミス ; 医療の質 ; Medical Malpractice ; Criminal Prosecution ; Simple Error ; Quality Of Medical Care
  • Is Part Of: 日本臨床麻酔学会誌, 2012, Vol.32(7), pp.985-993
  • Description:   平成11(1999)年以降平成21(2009)年までの医療事故に対する医療刑事裁判83例のうち手術室での医療事故25例を検討した.簡易裁判所ではなく,地方裁判所に起訴される率は,手術室での事故は11例(44%)で全医療刑事裁判と比較して高かった.手術室での事例では,36名が被告人となりそのうち医師は32名(89%)であった.刑事訴訟に至った手術室での事故の原因は,医療の質に関するものが21例(84%)であった.最近の医療に関する刑事裁判は判決まで長期間を要しているが,公判により無罪となる判決が出てきたことは注目するべきである.
      This study investigated 83 cases of criminal prosecution involving medical malpractice (including 25 medical lawsuits for surgical errors) between 1999 and 2009. Of the accidents that occurred in operating rooms, 44% of lawsuits were filed in district courts, and 84% of physicians were sued.
      Of the total number of medical lawsuits for surgical errors, 11 (44%) were filed in municipal courts, and the number of requests for a court trial was higher than that of summary indictments compared to all criminal prosecution cases. Eighty-nine percent of medical malpractice lawsuits involved the prosecution of physicians for surgical errors.
      When the accidents were reviewed by cause, 21 cases (84%) were not related to simple malpractices, but were due to malpractice related to the quality of medical care. Three recent accidents in which physicians were found not guilty were related to quality of medical care. Physicians had to struggle many years to obtain verdicts of “not guilty.”

  • Language: Japanese
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0285-4945 ; DOI: 10.2199/jjsca.32.985

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