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Effect of Lifestyle on Asthma Control in Japanese Patients: Importance of Periodical Exercise and Raw Vegetable Diet.(Research Article)

Motoyasu Iikura ; Siyan Yi ; Yasunori Ichimura ; Ai Hori ; Shinyu Izumi ; Haruhito Sugiyama ; Koichiro Kudo ; Tetsuya Mizoue ; Nobuyuki Kobayashi;

PLoS ONE, July 9, 2013, Vol.8(7), p.e68290 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Effect of Lifestyle on Asthma Control in Japanese Patients: Importance of Periodical Exercise and Raw Vegetable Diet.(Research Article)
  • Author: Motoyasu Iikura ; Siyan Yi ; Yasunori Ichimura ; Ai Hori ; Shinyu Izumi ; Haruhito Sugiyama ; Koichiro Kudo ; Tetsuya Mizoue ; Nobuyuki Kobayashi
  • Subjects: Vegetables -- Analysis ; Medical Research -- Analysis ; Ambulatory Care Facilities -- Analysis ; Smoking -- Analysis ; Allergens -- Analysis ; Periodicals -- Analysis ; Exercise -- Analysis ; Respiratory System Agents -- Analysis ; Asthma -- Analysis
  • Is Part Of: PLoS ONE, July 9, 2013, Vol.8(7), p.e68290
  • Description: Background The avoidance of inhaled allergens or tobacco smoke has been known to have favorable effects on asthma control. However, it remains unclear whether other lifestyle-related factors are also related to asthma control. Therefore, a comprehensive study to examine the associations between various lifestyle factors and asthma control was conducted in Japanese asthmatic patients. Methods The study subjects included 437 stable asthmatic patients recruited from our outpatient clinic over a one-year period. A written, informed consent was obtained from each participant. Asthma control was assessed using the asthma control test (ACT), and a structured questionnaire was administered to obtain information regarding lifestyle factors, including tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, physical exercise, and diet. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Results The proportions of total control (ACT = 25), well controlled (ACT = 20-24), and poorly controlled (ACT 20) were 27.5%, 48.1%, and 24.5%, respectively. The proportions of patients in the asthma treatment steps as measured by Global Initiative for Asthma 2007 in step 1, step 2, step 3, step 4, and step 5 were 5.5%, 17.4%, 7.6%, 60.2%, and 9.4%, respectively. Body mass index, direct tobacco smoking status and alcohol drinking were not associated with asthma control. On the other hand, younger age ( 3 metabolic equivalents-h/week), and raw vegetable intake ( 5 units/week) were significantly associated with good asthma control by bivariate analysis. Younger age, periodical exercise, and raw vegetable intake were significantly associated with good asthma control by multiple linear regression analysis. Conclusions Periodical exercise and raw vegetable intake are associated with good asthma control in Japanese patients.
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0068290

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