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Classification of Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules Using a Combined Clinical Information and Gene Expression Signatures

Zheng, Bing ; Liu, Jun ; Gu, Jianlei ; Du, Jing ; Wang, Lin ; Gu, Shengli ; Cheng, Juan ; Yang, Jun ; Lu, Hui

PloS one, 2016, Vol.11(10), pp.e0164570 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Classification of Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules Using a Combined Clinical Information and Gene Expression Signatures
  • Author: Zheng, Bing ; Liu, Jun ; Gu, Jianlei ; Du, Jing ; Wang, Lin ; Gu, Shengli ; Cheng, Juan ; Yang, Jun ; Lu, Hui
  • Subjects: Gene Expression Profiling ; Thyroid Neoplasms -- Classification ; Thyroid Nodule -- Classification
  • Is Part Of: PloS one, 2016, Vol.11(10), pp.e0164570
  • Description: A key challenge in thyroid carcinoma is preoperatively diagnosing malignant thyroid nodules. A novel diagnostic test that measures the expression of a 3-gene signature (DPP4, SCG5 and CA12) has demonstrated promise in thyroid carcinoma assessment. However, more reliable prediction methods combining clinical features with genomic signatures with high accuracy, good stability and low cost are needed. 25 clinical information were recorded in 771 patients. Feature selection and validation were conducted using random forest. Thyroid samples and clinical data were obtained from 142 patients at two different hospitals, and expression of the 3-gene signature was measured using quantitative PCR. The predictive abilities of three models (based on the selected clinical variables, the gene expression profile, and integrated gene expression and clinical information) were compared. Seven clinical characteristics were selected based on a training set (539 patients) and tested in three test sets, yielding predictive accuracies of 82.3% (n = 232), 81.4% (n = 70), and 81.9% (n = 72). The predictive sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 72.3%, 80.5% and 76.8% for the model based on the gene expression signature, 66.2%, 81.8% and 74.6% for the model based on the clinical data, and 83.1%, 84.4% and 83.8% for the combined model in a 10-fold cross-validation (n = 142). These findings reveal that the integrated model, which combines clinical data with the 3-gene signature, is superior to models based on gene expression or clinical data alone. The integrated model appears to be a reliable tool for the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid tumors.
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; PMID: 27776138 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164570

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