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A work time study analysing differences in resource use between psychiatric inpatients

Wolff, Jan ; McCrone, Paul ; Berger, Mathias ; Patel, Anita ; Ackermann, Christian ; Gerhardt, Katja ; Normann, Claus

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2015, Vol.50(8), pp.1309-1315 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    A work time study analysing differences in resource use between psychiatric inpatients
  • Author: Wolff, Jan ; McCrone, Paul ; Berger, Mathias ; Patel, Anita ; Ackermann, Christian ; Gerhardt, Katja ; Normann, Claus
  • Subjects: Psychiatry ; Hospitals ; Inpatients ; Economics ; Costs and cost analysis ; Prospective payment systems
  • Is Part Of: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2015, Vol.50(8), pp.1309-1315
  • Description: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-015-1041-2 Byline: Jan Wolff (1,2), Paul McCrone (1), Mathias Berger (3), Anita Patel (1), Christian Ackermann (3), Katja Gerhardt (3), Claus Normann (3) Keywords: Psychiatry; Hospitals; Inpatients; Economics; Costs and cost analysis; Prospective payment systems Abstract: Purpose Judgement about the adequacy of reimbursement schemes requires an understanding of differences in resource use between patient groups. The aim of this study was to analyse staff time allocation of psychiatrists, psychologists and nurses in inpatient mental health care and to use these data to analyse differences in per diem resource use between patient groups. Methods A self-reporting work-sampling study was carried out at a psychiatric teaching hospital. All of 36 psychiatrists, 23 psychologists and 106 nurses involved in clinical care during the study period participated in a two-week measurement of their work time. Results A total of 20,380 observations were collected, representing about 10,190 h of work or 6.2 full-time-equivalent years. The average resource use in minutes of staff time per patient day was 227 min, representing 138 [Euro] of staff costs. The most resource intensive care was provided at the Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit and for geriatric patients with 334 and 266 min per patient day (192 and 162 [Euro]), respectively. The least resource intensive care was provided for patients with substance-related disorders (197 min, 116 [Euro]). Substantial shares of clinical work time were dedicated to tasks without patient contact (58 %). Nursing time was the main driver of total resource use, representing 70 % of staff time and 60 % of costs. Conclusion Presented differences in per diem resource use should inform discussions about the adequacy of reimbursement schemes. Tasks in the absence of the patient, such as documentation and administration, should be reduced to free resources for direct patient care. Author Affiliation: (1) Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Health Service and Population Research, Centre for the Economics of Mental and Physical Health, King's College London, London, UK (2) Department of Management and Controlling, Medical Centre-University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany (3) Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Centre-University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany Article History: Registration Date: 07/03/2015 Received Date: 07/11/2014 Accepted Date: 06/03/2015 Online Date: 13/03/2015
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0933-7954 ; E-ISSN: 1433-9285 ; DOI: 10.1007/s00127-015-1041-2

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